Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is an umbrella disorder, affecting 1 out of every 68 kids in developed countries; appear to be on the rise. Autism is a complex neurodegenerative disorder leading to a traumatic impact nervous system and normal functional attributes of brain. The autism is characterized by affected cognitive, emotional and socio-physical health of the child.
It has been evidently observed that ASD generally hits on the three different elements of a child’s life:
# Social Behavior
# Communication and Adaptive Interaction
# Interests and Association
Earlier, it has been thought as a defect observed since birth; however, some kids suddenly develop lack of interest in being social or interactive.
Parents are the first one, who can actually notice changes in their child’s behavior; however it is also quite possible that some behavioral issues are ignored, by downplaying them as “just a phase”! However with increasing number of autism cases in developed countries; doctors and experts can promptly evaluate a possibility of Autism Spectrum Disorder.
According to the Center for Disease Control (CDC) and American Psychiatric Association, the three leading types of ASD reportedly exhibiting highest prevalence are:
# Asperger’s Syndrome
# Pervasive Developmental Disorder
# Autistic Disorder
Apart from the three listed above, other two less prevalent forms known to be Rett Syndrome & Childhood Disintegrative Disorder; have also been marked with significant popularity.
Hippotherapy in children —a condition caused by brain damage that effects posture and movement—is becoming increasingly popular in the U.S. Hippotherapy is both a physical therapy treatment that utilizes horseback riding to provide engaging, enjoyable, and challenging activities that can significantly improve muscle tone, posture, balance, walking abilities, and more.