Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is an umbrella disorder, affecting 1 out of every 68 kids in developed countries; appear to be on the rise. Autism is a complex neurodegenerative disorder leading to a traumatic impact nervous system and normal functional attributes of brain. The autism is characterized by affected cognitive, emotional and socio-physical health of the child.

It has been evidently observed that ASD generally hits on the three different elements of a child’s life:
# Social Behavior
# Communication and Adaptive Interaction
# Interests and Association

Earlier, it has been thought as a defect observed since birth; however, some kids suddenly develop lack of interest in being social or interactive.
Parents are the first one, who can actually notice changes in their child’s behavior; however it is also quite possible that some behavioral issues are ignored, by downplaying them as “just a phase”! However with increasing number of autism cases in developed countries; doctors and experts can promptly evaluate a possibility of Autism Spectrum Disorder.

According to the Center for Disease Control (CDC) and American Psychiatric Association, the three leading types of ASD reportedly exhibiting highest prevalence are:
# Asperger’s Syndrome
# Pervasive Developmental Disorder
# Autistic Disorder
Apart from the three listed above, other two less prevalent forms known to be Rett Syndrome & Childhood Disintegrative Disorder; have also been marked with significant popularity.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

Asimayan Nandi with Dr. Gillian Saloojee, Senior SANDTA tutorHippotherapy in children —a condition caused by brain damage that effects posture and movement—is becoming increasingly popular in the U.S. Hippotherapy is both a physical therapy treatment that utilizes horseback riding to provide engaging, enjoyable, and challenging activities that can significantly improve muscle tone, posture, balance, walking abilities, and more.